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Types of Agriculture and Farming

  • AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES

Food is the major indispensable, fundamental and vital need of the people. “It has been calculated that a human under stress, performing hard labor, needs 2000grams of water, 470 grams of dry weight various carbohydrates and fats, 60 to 70grams of dry weight proteins and the appropriate amount of vitamins and minerals. Otherwise said, the colony will need a minimum of 30000 kg water, 7050 kg carbohydrates and fats and 900 kg proteins daily”. The food produced in Arcturus is analogous and like the earth, but here the formula and the procedure followed is different from the agriculture practiced in the earth. Because of the limited space, the higher crop yield, and the disadvantages of soil-based growing, as soil cannot be brought from earth, if it is done so the consequences and expenses that are invested would be more. And even by using soil will escort or lead to immense risks such as the biological contamination for the soil are needed insects and other organisms, which except the risk to transfer few sicknesses can also mutate and multiply themselves unnoticed and damage the station and the colonists. Therefore unique and special type of growing crops should be used which will provide more yield and the best quality alternative should be used. Some of them are:

  • Geoponics
  • Aeroponics
  • Hydroponics
  • Passive sub-irrigation
  • static solution culture
  • Aquaponics
  • Fogponics
  • Vertical farming
  • Organoponics

 

  • Geoponics:

It is a type of cultivation in which the crops are nurtured and are fully fledged by using stimulated and non-natural soil which restrains nafion which has gelatos within it. These are made up of nafion with supplementary polymers and additional materials which are contaminated and toxic. Crops that can be developed by means of this method are: wheat, pulses, maize, fruit trees, and nuts etc.

  • Aeroponics:

Crops with rigid and stiff roots are grown and nurtured by this method under these crops will be matured on a lattice like arrangement and drape perpendicularly. Water will be converted into mist, haze and water vapors which the roots of the plants will be lynching in. The plants that can be grown using Aeroponics are
Wheat, corn potatoes and salad components like lettuce and herbs.

  • Hydroponics:

Hydroponics is a division of hydro culture and is a technique of mounting plants by means of mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. This is an inimitable and an amazing system of growing crops with out the utilization of the loam and soil with the application and relevance of distinctive process and with the assist of inimitable, exclusive and distinctive intermediate. In this technique the crops are fully grown in intensely concentrated solution and static, inert medium like periled gravel etc.

  • Passive sub-irrigation:

Passive sub-irrigation is a type of hydroponics which is also acknowledged and recognized by the name passive hydroponics or semi hydroponics. In this course of action plants are nurtured with the facilitate of the inert porous medium. This inert medium transfers water and fertilizers to the roots by capillary procedures and events. This accomplishment can be completed by means of a separate and detached reservoir. This will trim and spruce down the labor and fabricate stable, constant and steady delivering of water to the roots.

  • static solution culture:

In static solution culture plants are developed in urns and containers of nutrient solution. These are not grown in normal containers; it can be grown only in glassMason jarsand other urns. The solution is generally quietly ventilated. Sometimes it can be bunged too. If bunged, the solution echelon and stratum is reserved stumpy enough that sufficient parts of roots are exceeding the solution so they get passable and ample oxygen.

  • Aquaponics:

Aquaponics is afood generationorganization that coalesces with conformistaquaculturewithin amutual and symbiotic environment. In standard aquaculture,excretion and the propulsionfrom the flora and fauna hoisted can accrue and accumulate in the water, increasing toxicity. In an Aquaponics arrangement, water from an aquaculture system is noshed to ahydroponicsystem where thederivativesare conked out down bynitrogen-fixing microorganismsintonitratesandnitrites, which are consumed and utilized by the plants as nutrients. The water is then re disseminated and circulated reverse to the aquaculture system.

  • Fogponics:

Fogponics is an advanced and highly developed outline ofAeroponics. In this processwater invaporizedform relocateand transfer nutrientsandoxygento enclosed perchedplant roots. With the help of the similar common initiative following Aeroponics excluding fogponics consume a 5-30µm vapor and mist surrounded by the rooting compartment and as use for a foliar nourishing mechanism. Plants preeminently absorb particles from the 1-25µm assortments; the minute particulate dimension means faster absorption.The additional advantage of utilizing fogponics over traditional hydroponics classification is that the plants necessitate smaller quantity of energy in root growth and mass, and are able to still maintain a large plant.

  • Vertical farming:

Vertical farming is taming plant life within askyscraperorangery and conservatoryor on perpendicularly inclined facades. The recent and the latest thoughts and ideas of vertical farming exercise procedures analogous to glass domicile, where natural sunlight can be amplified with simulated lighting.

  • Organoponics:

Organoponicsare an organization of urban macrobiotic gardens. They habitually contain low-level tangible ramparts crammed with organic substances and soil, with lines of trickle irrigation arranged on the exterior part of the emergent media.
IRRIGATION:
Irrigationis the simulated application of water to the land or soil. It is used to assist in the mounting ofagricultural crops, safeguarding oflandscapes, and foliage, vegetationof disturbed soils in dehydrated areas and at some stage in periods of derisory and inadequate rainfall. The majority of the agriculture on earth is rain nourished. That accomplishment is reliant on the well-timed monsoon and adequate rainfall extend throughout most of the budding season as the rainfall is convoluted and complicated to be created within the space settlement, it would be a challenging task to provide rain to the plants at exact stages or else the plant will not be able to develop properly. Therefore the plants must be irrigated properly. As the plants are not grown in the similar way as grown on the earth, the water will be transported directly to the plants through the pipes.
AGRICULTURE DEPENDENT INDUSTRIES
Agriculture will also endow its manufacture as unprocessed raw supplies to many different industries. These industries include like those of rubber industry, cotton industry and food dispensation industry. These eatable manufacturing centers will make diverse food foodstuffs for both the citizens and the animals. As crops produces oxygen the oxygen package and transportation center will be established. And even the organic compounds such as the cow dung can be used for making goober gas therefore; a waste management plant will be established.
STORAGE OF GRAINS:
Storage of grains is another imperative, important and vital measure to protect the grains from bacteria. The grains will be stored according to their seeds or crop type. Grains will be accumulated in
aerated, ventilated, desiccated areas, so that there is a smaller amount probability of syndrome. For fruits and vegetables freezing storage room vicinity will be at their position. Also there will be confined and supplementary undersized marketplace where these will be vended and they will have the permanent price for selling. The grains will be amassed in silos encompassing unlike partition at unusual levels, increasing productivity. The mound will have the majority required grain at below end while slightest essential but vital at top. There will be no contact of each harvest acquiesce. Earthworms are the manurists that renovate the putrefying and decomposing plant substance into nutrient affluent manure although less rich than fertilizers but more efficient. Birds and butterflies are the major Pollinators also there will be artificial pollination APS. In this pollen grains will be passed on to a plant via robots.

FRUIT/VEGETABLE GROWN SERVING SIZE (IN G) NUTRIENTS (% OF DAILY RECOMMENDED VALUE)
Spinach 180 vitamin K (1110.6), vitamin A (294.8), manganese (84), folate (65.6), magnesium (39.1), iron (35.7), vitamin C (29.4), vitamin B2 (24.7), calcium (24.5), potassium (24), vitamin B6 (22), tryptophan (21.9), fiber (17.3), copper (15.5), vitamin B1 (11.1), protein (10.7), phosphorous (10.1), zinc (9.1), vitamin E (8.6), omega 3 fatty acids (6), vitamin B3 (4.4), selenium (3.9)
Sesame Seeds 36 copper (74), manganese (44), tryptophan (37.5), calcium (35.1), magnesium (31.6), iron (29.1), phosphorous (22.6), zinc (18.7), vitamin B1 (18.7), fiber (17)
Lettuce 112 vitamin K (143.5), vitamin A (58.2), vitamin C (44.8), folate (38), manganese (35.5), chromium (13.1), potassium (9.3), molybdenum (9), fiber (7.6), vitamin B1 (7.3), iron (6.8), vitamin B2 (6.5), phosphorous (5), calcium (4), protein (3.6), omega 3 fatty acids (3.2), tryptophan (3.1), vitamin B3 (2.8), vitamin B6 (2.5)
Onions 160 chromium (20.7), vitamin C (17.1), fiber (11.5), manganese (11), molybdenum (10.7), vitamin B6 (9.5), tryptophan (9.4), folate (7.6), potassium (7.2), phosphorous (5.3), copper (5)
Tomatoes 180 vitamin C (57.3), vitamin A (22.4), vitamin K (17.8), molybdenum (12), potassium (11.4), manganese (9.5), fiber (7.9), chromium (7.5), vitamin B1 (7.3), vitamin B6 (7), folate (6.8), copper (6.5), vitamin B3 (5.6), vitamin B2 (5.3), magnesium (5), iron (4.5), vitamin B5 (4.4), phosphorous (4.3), vitamin E (3.4), tryptophan (3.1), protein (3.1)
Crimini mushrooms 141.75 selenium (52.6), vitamin B2 (40.6), copper (35.5), vitamin B3 (26.9), tryptophan (25), vitamin B5 (21.3), potassium (18.1), phosphorous (17), zinc (10.4), manganese (10), vitamin B1 (8.7), vitamin B6 (8), protein (7.1), folate (5), fiber (3.4), magnesium (3.2), iron (3.2), calcium (2.6)
Seaweed 20 iodine (276.7), vitamin K (16.5), folate (9), magnesium (6), calcium (3.4), iron (3.2), tryptophan (3.1)
Strawberries 144 vitamin C (136.1), manganese (21), fiber (13.2), iodine (8.6), potassium (6.8), folate (6.4), vitamin B2 (5.9), vitamin B5 (4.9), omega 3 fatty acids (4.4.), vitamin B6 (4), vitamin K (4), magnesium (3.6), copper (3.5)
Raspberries 123 manganese (62), vitamin C (51.3), fiber (33.4), folate (8), vitamin B2 (7.1), magnesium (5.5), vitamin B3 (5.5), potassium (5.3), copper (5)
Soybeans 172 molybdenum (172), tryptophan (115.6), manganese (71), protein (57.2), iron (49.1), phosphorous (42.1), fiber (41.3), vitamin K (41.3), omega 3 fatty acids (41.2), magnesium (37), copper (35), vitamin B2 (28.8), potassium (25.3)
Peanuts 36.5 manganese (35.5), tryptophan (28.1), vitamin B3 (22), folate (21.9), copper (21), protein (18.8)
Oranges 131 vitamin C (116.2), fiber (12.5), folate (9.9), vitamin B1(7.3), potassium (6.8), vitamin A (5.4), calcium (5.2)
Corn 164 vitamin B1 (24), folate (19), fiber (18.4), vitamin C (16.9), phosphorous (16.9), manganese (16), vitamin B5 (14.4)
Carrot 112 vitamin A (686.3), vitamin K (20.1), vitamin C (18.9), fiber (14.6), potassium (11.3), vitamin B6 (9), manganese (8.5), molybdenum (8.1), vitamin B1 (8), vitamin B3 (5.6), phosphorous (5.4), magnesi

The next chart shows which foods contain the following nutrients, and are listed in alphabetical order

NUTRIENT FOOD (% OF DAILY RECOMMENDED VALUE)
Calcium sesame seed (97.5), sea weed (17), spinach (13.6), lettuce (3.6), orange (4), mushroom (1.8)
Chromium onion (12.9), lettuce (11.7), tomato (4.2)
Copper sesame seed (205.6), peanut (57.5), mushroom (25), soy bean (20.3), spinach (8.6), raspberry (4.1), tomato (3.6), onion (3.1), strawberry (2.4)
Fiber sesame seed (47.2), raspberry (27.2), soy bean (24), carrot (13), corn (11.2), spinach (9.6), orange (9.5), strawberry (9.2), onion (7.2), lettuce (6.8), tomato (4.4), mushroom (2.4)
Folate peanut (60), sea weed (45), spinach (36.4), lettuce (33.9), corn (11.6), orange (7.6), raspberry (6.5), onion (4.8), strawberry (4.4), carrot (3.8), tomato (3.8), mushroom (3.5)
Iodine seaweed (1383.5), strawberry (6)
Iron sesame seed (80.8), soy bean (28.5), spinach (19.8), sea weed (16), lettuce (6.1), tomato (2.5), mushroom (2.3)
Magnesium sesame seed (87.8), sea weed (30), spinach (21.7), soy bean (21.5), raspberry
(4.5), carrot (4.1), tomato (2.8), strawberry (2.5), mushroom (2.3)
Manganese sesame seed (122.2), peanut (97.3), raspberry (50.4), spinach (46.7), soy bean (41.3), lettuce (32), strawberry (14.6), corn (9.8), carrot (7.6), mushroom (7.1), onion (6.9), tomato (5.3)
Molybdenum soy bean (100), lettuce (8), carrot (7.2), onion (6.7), tomato (6.7)
Omega 3 fatty acids soy bean (24), spinach (3.3), strawberry (3.1), lettuce (2.9)
Potassium soy bean (14.7), spinach (13.3), mushroom (12.8), carrot (10.1), lettuce (8.3), tomato (6.3), orange (5.2), strawberry (4.7), onion (4.5), raspberry (4.3)
Phosphorus sesame seed (62.8), soy bean (24.5), mushroom (12), corn (10.3), spinach (5.6), carrot (4.8), lettuce (4.5), onion (3.3), tomato (2.4)
Protein peanut (51.5), soy bean (33.3), spinach (5.9), mushroom (5), lettuce (3.2), tomato (1.7)
Selenium mushroom (37), spinach (2.2)
Tryptophan sesame seed (104.2), peanut (77), soy bean (67.2), mushroom (17.6), sea weed (15.5), spinach (12.2), onion (5.9), lettuce (2.8), tomato (1.7)
Vitamin A carrot (612.8), spinach (163.8), lettuce (52), tomato (12.4), orange (4.1)
Vitamin B1 sesame seed (51.9), corn (14.6), carrot (7.1), lettuce (6.5), spinach (6.2), mushroom (6.1), orange (5.6), tomato (4.1)
Vitamin B2 mushroom (28.6), soy bean (16.7), spinach (13.7), lettuce (5.8), raspberry (5.8), strawberry (4.1), tomato (2.9)
Vitamin B3 peanut (60.3), mushroom (19), carrot (5)raspberry (4.5), tomato (3.1), lettuce (2.5), spinach (2.4)
Vitamin B5 mushroom (15), corn (8.8), strawberry (3.4), tomato (2.4)
Vitamin B6 spinach (12.2), carrot (8), onion (5.9), mushroom (5.6), tomato (3.9), strawberry (2.8), lettuce (2.2)
Vitamin C strawberry (94.5), orange (88.7), raspberry (41.7), lettuce (40), tomato (31.8), carrot (1.69), spinach (16.3), onion (10.7), corn (10.3)
Vitamin E spinach (4.8), tomato (1.9)
Vitamin K spinach (617), lettuce (128.1), sea weed (82.5), soy bean (24), carrot (17.9), tomato (9.9), strawberry (2.8)
Zinc sesame seed (51.9), mushroom (7.3), spinach (5.1)

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