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Examples of Organic Compound

An organic compound has molecules that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. These compounds can be gaseous, liquid, or solid.

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides are a group of carbohydrates and they are simple sugars. Here are some examples:

  • Allose
  • Altrose
  • Arabinose
  • Erythrose
  • Fructose
  • Galactose
  • Glucose
  • Gulose
  • Idose
  • Lyxose
  • Mannoheptulose
  • Mannose
  • Ribose
  • Ribulose
  • Sedoheptulose
  • Sorbose
  • Tagatose
  • Talose
  • Threose
  • Xylose
  • Xylulose

Disaccharides

Disaccharides are a group of carbohydrates and they consist of two simple sugars. Here are some examples:

  • Sucrose
  • Maltose
  • Trehalose
  • Lactose
  • Melibiose

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides are a group of carbohydrates and they are polymers of simple sugars. Here are some examples:

  • Amylose
  • Amylopectin
  • Glycogen
  • Dextran
  • Inulin
  • Cellulose
  • Carboxymethyl Cellulose
  • Hemicellulose
  • Arabinoxylan
  • Chitin
  • Beta-Glucan
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Agar agar
  • Carrageenan
  • Galactomannan
  • Pectin
  • Xanthan Gum
  • Glucomannan

Lipids

A lipid is a fatty or waxy organic compound. Some examples are:

  • N-Acylethanolamine
  • Adipocere
  • 2-Arachidonyl glyceryl ether
  • Arachidonyl-2′-chloroethylamide
  • Arachidonylcyclopropylamide
  • Archaeol
  • Biolipid
  • Caldarchaeol
  • CDw17 antigen
  • Ceramide
  • Ceramide phosphoethanolamine synthase
  • Chlorosulfolipid
  • Diglyceride
  • N,N-Dimethylsphingosine
  • Ether lipid
  • Ethylhexyl palmitate
  • Fatty alcohol
  • Glyceride
  • Glycerolysis
  • Hardened fat
  • Interesterified fat
  • Intralipid
  • Isopropyl palmitate
  • Lactosylceramide
  • Lipid A
  • Monoglyceride
  • Monolaurin
  • Monounsaturated fat
  • Oleamide
  • Oleochemical
  • 2-Oleoylglycerol
  • Oxylipin
  • Palmitoylcarnitine
  • Palmitoylethanolamide
  • PCSO-524
  • Polyunsaturated fat
  • Saccharolipid
  • Salatrim
  • Saponifiable lipid
  • Saturated fat
  • Simple lipid
  • Spherosome
  • Sphingolipid
  • Sphingosine kinase
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate
  • Sulfolipid
  • Sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol
  • Trans fat
  • Unsaturated fat

Proteins

Proteins are molecules with polymers of amino acids held together with peptide bonds. Proteins contain nitrogen, unlike other fats and carbohydrates. Some examples are:

  • Actin
  • Arp2/3
  • Coronin
  • Dystrophin
  • FtsZ
  • Keratin
  • Llana Ganda
  • Collagen
  • Elastin
  • F-spondin
  • Pikachurin
  • Fibronectin
  • Serum Amyloid P Component
  • Serum albumin
  • C1-inhibitor
  • C3-convertase
  • Factor VIII
  • Factor XIII
  • Protein C
  • Protein S
  • Protein Z
  • Protein Z-related protease inhibitor
  • Thrombin
  • Von Willebrand Factor
  • C-reactive protein
  • Cadherin
  • Ependymin
  • Integrin
  • NCAM
  • Selectin
  • CFTR
  • Glycophorin D
  • Scramblase
  • Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
  • GABAa receptors
  • Potassium channels
  • Calcium channels
  • Sodium channels
  • Glucose transporter
  • Epidermal growth factor
  • Fibroblast growth factor
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-like growth factor
  • Oxytocin
  • Androgens
  • Estrogens
  • Progesterones
  • Rhodopsin
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Histones
  • Protamines
  • CI protein
  • C-myc
  • FOXP2
  • FOXP3
  • MyoD
  • P53
  • Immunoglobins
  • Major histocompatibility antigens
  • T cell receptor
  • Ferritin

Nucleic Acids

Nucleic acids are necessary for all forms of life. They are made up of three things: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
Two nucleic acids are DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid and RNA – ribonucleic acid.
Here are some examples of modified nucleotides which make up nucleic acids:

  • Inosine
  • Wybutoxosine
  • Pseudouridine
  • 2′-O-methylguanosine
  • Queuosine
  • 2′-O-methylcytidine
  • Dihydrouridine
  • N6-isopentenyladenosine
  • 1-methyladenosine
  • 1-methylpseudouridine
  • 2′-O-methylpseudouridine
  • Beta, D-galactosylqueuosine
  • 2-methyladenosine
  • 3-methylcytidine
  • 5-methylcytidine
  • N6-methyladenosine
  • 7-methylguanosine
  • 2,2-dimethylguanosine
  • 5-methoxyuridine
  • 2-thiocytidine
  • 2-thiouridine
  • 4-thiouridine
  • 5-methyluridine
  • Beta, D-mannosylqueuosine
  • 2′-O-methyluridine
  • Wybutosine
  • uridine-5-oxyacetic acid

Common Organic Compounds

  • Acid anhydrides
  • Acyl halides
  • Alcohols
  • Aldehydes
  • Alkenes
  • Amides
  • Amines
  • Aromatics
  • Azo compounds
  • Carboxylic acids
  • Esters
  • Ethers
  • Haloalkanes
  • Imines
  • Ketones
  • Nitriles
  • Nitro compounds
  • Organometallic compounds
  • Phenols
  • Polymers
  • Thiols
  • Urea
  • Valium
  • Vitamins
  • Warfarin
  • Xylene
  • Xylose
  • Zingiberene

Straight Chain Alkanes

  • Methane
  • Ethane
  • Propane
  • Butane
  • Pentane
  • Hexane
  • Heptane
  • Octane
  • Nonane
  • Decane
  • n-Undecane
  • n-Dodecane
  • n-Tridecane
  • n-Tetradecane
  • n-Pentadecane
  • n-Hexadecane
  • n-Heptadecane
  • n-Octadecane
  • n-Nonadecane
  • n-Icosane
  • n-Henicosane(R)
  • n-Docosane(R)
  • n-Tricosane(R)
  • n-Tetracosane
  • n-Pentacosane(R)
  • n-Hexacosane(R)
  • n-Heptacosane(R)
  • n-Octacosane(R)
  • n-Nonacosane
  • n-Triacontane(R)
  • n-Hentriacontane
  • n-Dotriacontane(R)
  • n-Tritriacontane(R)
  • n-Tetratriacontane(R)
  • n-Pentatriacontane(R)
  • n-Hexatriacontane(R)
  • n-Heptatriacontane
  • n-Octatriacontane
  • n-Nonatriacontane
  • n-Tetracontane(R)

Cycloalkanes

  • Cyclopropane
  • Cyclobutane
  • Cyclopentane
  • Cyclohexane
  • Cycloheptane
  • Cyclooctane

Now you have see that there are many different types organic compounds, all with one thing in common – they all contain carbon.


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