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Examples of Imperialism

Imperialism can be in the form of a colony where a foreign country is in control of a protectorate with the local government controlled by a foreign country. A foreign country can also exert a great deal of economic influence. One of the most widespread forms of imperialism was colonization.

Imperialism Examples and Colonies

Former European Colonies in North and South America

Britain

  • Belize
  • Canada – British Columbia, Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,
  • Mosquito Coast, British Guiana
  • Falkland Islands
  • Newfoundland and Labrador, North-Western Territory, Prince Edward Island, Rupert’s Land, Upper Canada
  • South Georgia
  • South Sandwich Islands
  • United States: 13 colonies, Oregon country in the Pacific Northwest

France

  • Canada – eastern and central
  • French Guiana
  • Haiti
  • Brazil for a short time
  • Iles Malouines
  • Sao Luis for a short time
  • United States – area around the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, the Great Lakes

Netherlands

  • New Netherlands – portions of modern day Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island

Portugal

  • Brazil
  • Cisplatina
  • French Guiana
  • Labrador
  • Terra Nova in Newfoundland

Russia

  • Alaska

Spain

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • East Florida
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua
  • Nootka (near Vancouver Island)
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Portion of the Southwestern United States – Arizona, California, Colorado, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • West Florida

Sweden

  • New Sweden – parts of Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania in the United States

Former European Colonies in Africa and the Indian Ocean

Belgium

  • Belgian Congo
  • Lado Enclave
  • Ruanda-Urundi

Brandenburg

  • Arguin
  • Brandenburger Gold Coast

Britain

  • Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
  • Basutoland
  • Bechuanaland
  • British East Africa
  • British Somaliland
  • British Togoland
  • Cameroons
  • Egypt
  • Gambia
  • Gold Coast
  • Nigeria
  • Northern Rhodesia
  • Nyasaland
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa
  • South-West Africa
  • Southern Rhodesia
  • Swaziland
  • Tanganyika
  • Uganda
  • Zanzibar

France

  • Albreda
  • Algeria
  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • Dahomey
  • French Congo
  • French Guinea
  • French Upper Volta
  • French Somaliland
  • French Sudan
  • French Togoland
  • Gabon
  • Ivory Coast
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Niger
  • Oubangui-Chari
  • Senegal
  • Tunisia
  • Zanzibar
  • Comoros
  • Isle de France
  • Madagascar
  • Seychelles

Germany

  • German East Africa – Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania
  • German South West Africa
  • Kamerun
  • Togoland
  • Wituland

Italy

  • Eritrea
  • Italian Somaliland
  • Libya
  • Netherlands
  • Angola
  • Arguin Island
  • Dutch Gold Coast
  • Goree
  • Mocambique
  • Sao Tomé
  • South Africa
  • Dutch Mauritius

Portugal

  • Ajuda
  • Angola
  • Annobon
  • Cabinda
  • Ceuta
  • Goree
  • Malindi
  • Mombasa
  • Algarve Ultramar – Agadir, Alcacer Ceguer, Arzila, Azamor, Mazagan, Mogador, Safim
  • Mozambique
  • Portuguese Gold Coast
  • Portuguese Guinea
  • Quiloa
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Tangier
  • Zanzibar
  • Ziguinchor
  • Laccadive Islands
  • Maldive Islands
  • Socotra

Spain

  • Bona
  • Bougie
  • Jerba
  • Fernando Po and Annobon
  • Oran
  • Port Guinea
  • Rio Muni
  • Spanish North Africa
  • Spanish West Africa

Former European colonies in Asia, India, the Pacific and the Middle East

France

  • East Asia Indochina
  • Hatay
  • India
  • Lebanon
  • New Hebrides
  • Syria
  • Yemen

Britain

  • Aden Protectorate
  • Australia
  • Bahrain
  • Bhutan
  • British India
  • Brunei
  • Burma
  • Ceylon
  • Egypt
  • Hong Kong
  • Kuwait
  • New Zealand
  • Malaysia
  • Oman
  • Palestine
  • Phoenix Islands
  • Qatar
  • Singapore
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Arabia
  • Transjordan
  • Trucial Coast
  • Western Samoa

Portugal

  • Bandar Abbas
  • Bombay
  • Calicut
  • Cambay
  • Cannanore
  • Ceylon
  • Chaul
  • Chittagong
  • Cochin
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  • Daman and Diu
  • Flores
  • Goa
  • Hormuz
  • Hughli
  • Macau
  • Malacca
  • Manama
  • Mangalore
  • Masulipatnam
  • Moluccas
  • Muharraq Island
  • Muscat
  • Portuguese Timor
  • Qeshm
  • Surat
  • Syriam

Imperialism is, and was, very common and there are many different locations which have been under the control of another foreign country, all of which are examples of imperialism.


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