Globalization is growth on a worldwide scale. It is the process of integration and international influence of economies and cultures.
Globalization in Economics
- Multinational corporations operate on a global scale, with satellite offices and branches in numerous locations.
- Outsourcing can add to the economic development of a struggling country, bringing much needed jobs.
- Some automobiles use parts from other countries, as in a car being assembled in the United States with the parts coming from Japan, Germany, or Korea.
- The Free World Trade Organization supervises world trade.
- The European Union is an economic and political union of 28 countries that are located primarily in Europe.
- The North American Free Trade Agreement (N.A.F.T.A.) is a trade bloc in North America.
- One shirt sold in the United States could have been made from Chinese cotton by workers in Thailand. Then it could have been shipped on a French freighter that had a Spanish crew.
- A McDonald’s in Japan and other countries shows the growth of companies over the entire world.
Globalization in the Blending of Cultures
- Greek culture spread across Africa, Europe and Asia through Alexander the Great. This is the reason there are cities named for Alexander in Africa, Egypt and Turkey.
- The Silk Road was a trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea area and it allowed the exchange of not only goods, but culture and knowledge.
- Christian missionaries from Europe added to the globalization of Christianity.
- Colonization all over the world was a major cause of globalization.
- Improved travel facilitated the growth of globalization, as people moved for a better job, a better life, or fled from danger or oppression.
- Tsimshatsui is the name of the tip of the Kowloon peninsula. Today, in this multicultural area, you can see baseball caps, hoodies, turbans, and hijabs.
- Food is one factor of globalization. One can find people eating sushi in Peru or Indian food in Europe.
- Satellite television allows shows from one country to be broadcast in many others, adding to cultural globalization.
Globalization in Technology
- The Internet is a major contributor to globalization, not only technologically but in other areas as well, like in cultural exchanges of the arts.
- Global news networks, like CNN, contribute to the spread of knowledge.
- Cells phones connect people all over the world like never before. Around 60 percent of all people in the world use cell phones.
- Military cooperation between countries adds to globalization, such as the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty or anti-terrorism agreements.
- Environmental cooperation has spread to help reduce chlorofluorocarbon emissions to slow the depletion of the ozone. One example is the Montreal Protocol.
Other Globalization Examples
- The Olympics began in ancient Greece and continue today.
- The FIFA World Cup has more viewers than any other sporting event from around the world.
- Travel and tourism allows globalization of many things, like the exchange of money, cultures and knowledge.
- The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that promotes cooperation in many areas including human rights, peace and economic development.
- Organizations such as the Red Cross respond quicker to disasters around the world.
Now you can better understand globalization and see how it works in the real world.