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Examples of Bacteria

Bacteria are the plural of bacterium, which are microscopic one-celled organisms. They are found everywhere and can be harmful, as in infections; or they can be beneficial, as in fermentation or decomposition. Five types of bacteria are: Coccus, Bacillus, Spirillum, Rickettsia, and Mycoplasma.

Bacteria Examples

Coccus

Here are examples of bacteria that are spherical shaped (Coccus):

  • Staph aureus
  • S. epidermidis
  • S. saphrophyticus
  • S. haemolyticus
  • S. hominis
  • S. capitis
  • S. schleiferi
  • S. warneri
  • S. lugdenenis
  • Strep pyrogenes (gr. A)
  • S. agalactiae (gr. B)
  • E. faecalis
  • E. faecium
  • S. pneumoniae
  • S. mutans group
  • S. salivarus group
  • S. sanguis group
  • S. mitis group
  • S. angiosus group
  • A. adiacens
  • S. milleri
  • S. bovis
  • N. gonorrhea
  • N. meningitides
  • Moraxella catarrhalis

Bacillus

Examples of bacteria that are rod shaped (Bacillus):

  • C. diptheriae
  • C. jeikenium
  • C. urealyticum
  • Lactobacillus sp.
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • B. cereus
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Erisipelothrix rhusiopathiae
  • Arcanobacterium bemolyticum
  • Escherichia coli
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Proteus spp.
  • Morganella
  • Providencia
  • C. freundii
  • C. koseri
  • Enterobacter cloacae
  • E. aerogenes
  • S. marcecescens
  • Vibrio cholera
  • V. parahaemolyticus
  • V. vulificans
  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Plesiomonas shigelloides
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Spirillum

Here are examples of bacteria that are spiral shaped and gram-negative (Spirillum):

  • Treponema pallidum
  • Treponema carateum
  • Treponema denticola
  • Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Borrelia afzelii
  • Borrelia hermsii
  • Borrelia duttoni
  • Borrelia parkeri
  • Borrelia recurrentis
  • Leptospira interrogans
  • Spirillum minus
  • Chlamydophila psittaci
  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Bacteroides fragilis
  • Bacteroides forsythus
  • Capnocytophaga canimorsus
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Prevotella intermedia
  • Fusobacterium necrophorum
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • Fusobacterium polymorphum
  • Streptobacillus moniliformis

Rickettsia

Here are examples of bacteria that behave like viruses and can’t live outside living cells (Rickettsia):

  • Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Rickettsia akari
  • Rickettsia conorii
  • Rickettsia sibirica
  • Rickettsia australis
  • Rickettsia felis
  • Rickettsia japonica
  • Rickettsia africae
  • Rickettsia hoogstraalii
  • Rickettsia prowazekii
  • Rickettsia typhi

Mycoplasma

Here are examples of bacteria that do not have a cell wall and may be rod shaped or spherical (Mycoplasma):

  • M. buccale
  • M. faucium
  • M. fermentans
  • M. gallisepticum
  • M. genitalium
  • M. haemofelis
  • M. hominis
  • M. hyopneumoniae
  • M. hyorhinis
  • M. incognitus
  • M. lipophilum
  • M. ovipneumoniae
  • M. penetrans
  • M. pirum
  • M. pneumoniae
  • M. salivarium

Bacteria in Fermentation

Here are examples of bacteria used in fermentation:

  • Arthrobacter nicotianae
  • Acetobacter aceti
  • Arthrobacter arilaitensis
  • Bacillus cereus
  • Bacillus coagulans
  • Bacillus licheniformis
  • Bacillus pumilus
  • Bacillus sphaericus
  • Bacillus stearothermophilus
  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Bifidobacterium adolescentis
  • Brachybacterium tyrofermentans
  • Brevibacterium linens
  • Carnobacterium divergens
  • Corynebacterium flavescens
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Gluconacetobacter europaeus
  • Gluconacetobacter johannae
  • Gluconobacter oxydans
  • Hafnia alvei
  • Halomonas elongata
  • Kocuria rhizophila
  • Lactobacillus acidifarinae
  • Lactobacillus jensenii
  • Lactococcus lactis
  • Lactobacillus yamanashiensis
  • Leuconostoc citreum
  • Macrococcus caseolyticus
  • Microbacterium foliorum
  • Micrococcus lylae
  • Oenococcus oeni
  • Pediococcus acidilactici
  • Propionibacterium acidipropionici
  • Proteus vulgaris
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Psychrobacter celer
  • Staphylococcus condimenti
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • Streptomyces griseus
  • Tetragenococcus halophilus
  • Weissella cibaria
  • Weissella koreensis
  • Zymomonas mobilis

Bacterial Infections

Here are examples of bacterial infections with the bacteria that cause them:

  • Botulism – Clostridium botulinum
  • Diphtheria – Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  • Gonorrhea – Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Legionnaire’s Disease – Legionella pneumophila
  • Leprosy – Mycobacterium leprae
  • Leptospirosis – Leptospira interrogans
  • Listeriosis – Listeria monocytogenes
  • Lyme disease – Borrelia burgdorferi
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia – Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Pseudomembranous colitis – Clostridium difficile
  • Pulmonary anthrax – Bacillus anthracis
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever – Rickettsia rickettsii
  • Salmonellosis – Salmonella typhimurium
  • Tetanus – Clostridium tetani
  • Tuberculosis – Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Tularemia – Francisella tularensis
  • Typhoid fever – Salmonella typhi
  • Whooping cough – Bordetella pertussis

Now you have seen lots of different examples of bacteria and some of the things that bacteria can do.


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